Last updated 3 months ago
Overt and aggressive acts of discrimination are less common these days than in previous decades; however, discrimination is still pervasive throughout modern companies. It’s simply taken on a subtle, more discreet façade. Unfortunately, discrimination of any form has devastating effects on the victims, ranging from career setbacks to depression to physical health concerns. Modern forms of discrimination build a hostile atmosphere within the workplace. Potential victims of these acts should contact a discrimination lawyer to learn about their legal rights and recourse.
Workplace discrimination sometimes arises from a person’s unconscious emotions, which are often derived from stereotypes. For example, a homeless job applicant may be perceived as being a low-warmth, low-competence employee and may be passed over for hiring despite having the necessary qualifications. Likewise, a warm, personable, and approachable employee may be given a promotion despite the higher competence of an employee perceived as less personable.
In some cases, job expectations may comprise workplace discrimination. For example, a woman may be given a last-minute assignment or an impossible deadline to prove that her childcare commitments prevent her from being a “model employee.” Discriminatory expectations may be defined in a second way. A colleague or client who has only spoken with an employee on the phone may express some form of surprise when learning that the employee is of African-American descent. For example, the client may mistakenly ask, “Did you come down to bring me to see Ms. Jones?” when in fact the individual in question is indeed Ms. Jones. This question subtly implies that a person of African-American descent couldn’t perform high-ranking jobs.
Subtle discrimination can also be present in the assignment of ancillary responsibilities. For example, the only woman on a sales team might be assigned to keep meeting minutes or arrange a social gathering, even if she did not volunteer for these duties.
Since 1994, the discrimination lawyers of the Advocacy Center for Employment Law have been providing expert representation to victims of workplace discrimination. We’ll thoroughly review your case and explain your legal options. Visit our website to learn more or call our San Jose office at (408) 600-1972.
Last updated 3 months ago
Age discrimination may occur during the hiring process or in the workplace itself. It may be obvious, such as comments that address you as “Grandma” or “Grandpa,” or it may be more subtle such as better treatment for younger coworkers who may be less qualified than you. If you get the sense that your coworkers or supervisors are displaying favoritism toward your younger colleagues, it’s a good idea to document these incidents and review them with a discrimination lawyer.
As you’ll learn by watching this video, adults who are 55 years or older typically have a harder time finding work. However, older age should be viewed as a positive quality because it indicates you have extensive experience and practical knowledge that your younger colleagues may lack.
If you believe you could be the victim of age discrimination, contact the Advocacy Center for Employment Law of San Jose. You can connect with an experienced discrimination lawyer by calling (408) 600-1972.
Last updated 3 months ago
Federal age discrimination laws make it illegal for employers to treat job applicants or employees less favorably because of their age. However, in tough economic times, it’s increasingly difficult for older employees to keep their jobs or find new employment. In a downturn economy, there are more applicants for fewer job openings, so it’s much harder to detect and prove age discriminatory hiring patterns.
According to an AARP survey, nearly one in five workers between the ages of 45 and 74 believed that their age affected their inability to get a new job. At the same time, the EEOC has seen a surge in the number of complaints, beginning during the recession in 2008. Older workers are more vulnerable in a downturn economy because employers falsely believe that they cost more to train or that they aren’t as productive and skilled as their younger counterparts. Furthermore, it’s more difficult to prove age discrimination hiring practices because much of the application process is done online, without actual face-to-face contact.
If you have experienced age discrimination, contact the Advocacy Center For Employment Law at (408) 600-1972. We offer personalized, detailed service in a professional and comfortable environment.
Last updated 4 months ago
When most people think of sexual harassment, they are likely to think of harassment by a co-worker or supervisor in a work environment. However, according to a 2008 New York Times article, more than a third of middle- and high-school students have experienced sexual harassment by classmates. In schools, sexual harassment from peers can range from name-calling to unwanted touching in the hallways and classrooms.
School officials often dismiss name-calling and inappropriate touching among students as normal juvenile behavior, but this hostile environment can have long-term emotional implications. In fact, the emotional toll of sexual harassment can be far greater than the effects of physical bullying. Whether harassment occurs in the gym, on the school bus, or in-between classes, it comes from a trusted classmate who sits next to the victim in class.
Levels of harassment
A study at the University of Michigan in Dearborn surveyed 522 children between the ages of 11 and 18 about their sexual harassment experiences at school, as reported by The New York Times. The study had 35% of children report being victims of some form of sexual harassment. Interestingly, both boys and girls reported equal levels of harassment. However, girls and sexual minorities were more upset about the experience, as they suffered from lower levels of self-esteem and poorer emotional and physical health.
Types of harassment
Like workplace sexual harassment, sexual harassment in schools can be both physical and verbal. Some girls have reported their male classmates reaching out in the hallways and trying to touch them inappropriately, while others report classmates writing sexual allegations through the Internet or text messages. Students who are openly gay or lesbian frequently experience name-calling and harassment meant to humiliate, such as pulling down a male student’s pants in front of his classmates.
The Advocacy Center For Employment Law focuses on labor and employment issues, with an emphasis on employment harassment and discrimination litigation. Our San Jose sexual harassment lawyers are dedicated to enhancing trust between our practice and our clients. For more information, give us a call at (408) 600-1972.
Last updated 4 months ago
Even though both men and women can become the victims of workplace sexual harassment, women are still the primary victims. For professional women, being subjected to sexual advances or a hostile work environment can affect their career progression and success in their jobs. However, women who experience workplace sexual harassment can also develop serious emotional problems, including depression and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Someone who experiences sexual harassment in her early 20s can develop depressive symptoms well into her 30s. Many women who are sexual harassment victims develop feelings of self-doubt, which can turn into feelings of self-blame. In many cases, the victim will end up feeling responsible for what happened, which will further promote feelings of depression.
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder is characterized by feeling stressed or frightened, even when the danger is no longer present. Sexual harassment victims may begin to re-experience the trauma, even after they have left their jobs. They may also avoid people or places that remind them of the harassment, which can make it difficult to transition into a new working environment. Treatment options for PTSD include psychotherapy, medications, or a combination of both.
When someone experiences a stressful situation, his or her body produces a surge of hormones. This temporarily increases blood pressure, causing elevated heart rate and narrowing of the blood vessels. A woman who experiences workplace sexual harassment may begin to develop repeated stress-related spikes in her blood pressure. Eventually, this can lead to long-term high blood pressure.
The stress and anxiety of sexual harassment can also cause sleep disturbances, as the event can trigger nightmares in the victim. In addition, a victim of sexual harassment may have difficulty falling asleep at night because she keeps fixating and thinking about the event.
If you’ve experienced workplace sexual harassment, contact the Advocacy Center For Employment Law at (408) 600-1972. Founded in 1994 by Steven Pail Cohn, our San Jose sexual harassment lawyers provide the highest quality service in a comfortable, professional environment. We also keep a line of open communication with our clients every step of their case.